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Legacies: Collecting America's History at the Smithsonian, by Steven Lubar and Kathleen M. Kendrick
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"Jailed for Freedom" pin, 1917

Between 1917 and 1919 suffragists, demanding votes for women, picketed the White House, and many were arrested and jailed. The women later wore pins representing a prison cell door to commemorate their imprisonment and call attention to the injustice of being "jailed for freedom." The National Museum of American History has collected several of these pins. The first was donated in 1963 by Lucille Agniel Calmes, a government secretary who served a five-day term in the District of Columbia workhouse for picketing in 1919. This pin belonged to Alice Paul of the National Woman's Party, who led the first picket in 1917; it was acquired in 1987 from the Alice Paul Centennial Foundation.

See also: Jewelry, Political Protest, Women's History, Intriguing Objects

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